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Rafaela Awlless Barley

High productivity, consistently at the top in national trials, and good tolerance to major diseases, particularly Ramularia collo-cygni, make Rafaela very interesting for the entire Italian area. Its qualitative characteristics are also good with grain of good specific weight and PMS.

Punti di forza


Plant height: medium-tall
Vegetative cycle: medium-late
Alternativity: winter
Spike type: awlless
Grain specific weight: high


Powdery mildew: moderately resistant
Brown rust: moderately resistant
Rhynchosporium: moderately resistant
Septoria: resistant
Lodging: moderately resistant

Agronomic indications

Use: grain, forage silage
Cultivation areas: north-central-south Italy
Sowing rate: 160 – 170 kg/Ha
Sowing period: autumn

Cultural recommendations

Fertilization: based on the availability of organic inputs (slurry, digestate)
Autumnal needs: N 30/40 units/Ha; P2 O5 70/80 units/Ha; K2 O 80/90 units/Ha
Spring needs: N 70/80 units/Ha


Sow, reap, enjoy!

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to cold or drought, the winning characteristics of different types of seeds. You will find advice and suggestions for quality agriculture.